Novel Variations in the KDM5C Gene Causing X-Linked Intellectual Disability

Po Ming Wu, Wen Hao Yu, Chi Wu Chiang, Chen Yu Wu, Jia Shing Chen, Yi Fang Tu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and ObjectivesTo investigate the pathogenicity of 2 novel KDM5C variations, report the clinical and neuroimaging findings, and review the available literature.MethodsPhysical examinations, structural neuroimaging studies, and exome sequence analysis were performed. KDM5C constructs were used to study the effect of the variations in transfected cells.ResultsWe identified 2 novel variations c.2233C>G and c.3392_3393delAG in the KDM5C gene harboring from 2 Chinese families with X-linked intellectual disability (ID). The affected male patients exhibited severe ID, short stature, and facial dysmorphism. The 1 with c.3392_3393delAG additionally had epilepsy and autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Transiently transfected mutant KDM5C constructs both reduced protein expression and stability and decreased histone demethylase activities in cells. Reviewing the available literature, we found that the associated ASD tended to occur in patients with variations near the C-terminus of KDM5C.DiscussionWe report the clinical, molecular genetic, and pathologic features in patients with novel variations of KDM5C. The variability of the clinical phenotype in addition to an ID may associate with altered particular parts of KDM5C.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere646
JournalNeurology: Genetics
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Genetics(clinical)

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