Numerical predictions of natural convection with liquid fluids contained in an inclined arc-shaped enclosure

Chin Lung Chen, Chin Hsiang Cheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In the present paper a numerical study has been performed of the flow behavior and natural convection heat transfer characteristics of liquid fluids contained in an inclined arc-shaped enclosure. The governing equations are discretized using the finite-volume method and curvilinear coordinates. The Prandtl number (Pr) of the liquid fluids is assigned to be 4.0 and the Grashof number (Gr) is ranged within the regime 1×10 5≦≦4×10 6. On the other hand, the inclination angle (θ) of the enclosure is varied within 0°≦θ≦360° of major concern are the effects of the inclination and the buoyancy force on the flow and the thermal fields, and based on the numerical data of the thermal field the local and overall Nusselt numbers are calculated. Results show that the arc-shaped enclosure for Pr=4.0 at Gr=4×10 6 and θ=90° exhibits the best heat transfer performance. The poor heat transfer performance for Pr=4.0 fixed at Gr=1×10 5 and θ=180° exhibits the arc-shaped enclosure, respectively. As the value of Grashof number is elevated from 10 5 to 4×10 6, at θ=90°, the magnitude of Nu is elevated from 13.946 to 25.3 (81.4% increase); however, at θ=180°, the magnitude is elevated from 11.655 to 13.475 (15.6% increase) only.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)209-215
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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