The purpose of this study is to investigate the accuracy of the least squares method for finding the in-plane stress intensity factors KI and KII using thermoelastic data from isotropic materials. To fully understand the idealized condition of KI and KII calculated from thermoelastic experiments, the total stress field calculated from finite element analysis is used to take the place of data obtained from real thermoelastic experiments. In the finite element analysis, the J-integral is also calculated to compare with (K2I + K2II)/E evaluated by the least squares method. The stress fields near the crack tip are dominated by the two stress intensity factors; however, the edge effect will cause inaccuracy of the thermoelastic data near the crack tip. Furthermore, the scan area of thermoelastic experiments cannot be too small. Therefore, we suggest that three or four terms of stress function be included in the least squares method for evaluating stress intensity factors via the thermoelastic technique. In the idealized condition, the error can be smaller than 3 percent from our numerical simulations. If only the r-1/2 term (KI and KII) is included in the least squares method, even in the idealized case the error can be up to 20 percent.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aerospace Engineering
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering