Numerical simulations of fluidized bed fast pyrolysis of biomass through computational fluid dynamics

Sheng Qiang Sia, Wei Cheng Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) was applied for simulating the hydrodynamics and chemical kinetics for the fluidized bed biomass fast pyrolysis. Based on the Euler-Euler multiphase framework, standard K-ε model and Finite-Rate/Eddy-Dissipation model were selected for the viscous and the species transport model, respectively. Syamlal O'brien model and Arrhenius kinetic model were chosen as the drag and reaction kinetics model, respectively. The volume fractions as well as the temperature distributions of the fluidizing gas, biomass and fluidizing sand at the fluidization velocity of 0.6 m/s were numerically observed. The simulation of the reaction temperature influence on product yield agreed well with the lab-scale experimental results. The distributions of the gas products show that CO and H2 are mostly at the lower part of the reactor, CH4 is in the freeboard region and CO2 is at both the reaction and freeboard zone. The proposed CFD model was expected to make contributions for improving the internal process and reactor optimization for biomass fluidized bed fast pyrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)248-256
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable Energy
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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