Numerical study on magneto-convection of cold water in an open cavity with variable fluid properties

S. Sivasankaran, M. Bhuvaneswari, Y. J. Kim, C. J. Ho, K. L. Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to understand the problem of buoyancy and thermocapillary induced convection of cold water near its density maximum in an open cavity with temperature dependent properties in the presence of uniform external magnetic field. The governing equations are solved by the finite volume method. The results are discussed for various values of reference temperature parameter, density inversion parameter, Rayleigh, Hartmann and Marangoni numbers. It is observed that the temperature of maximum density leaves strong effects on fluid flow and heat transfer due to the formation of bi-cellular structure. Convection heat transfer is enhanced by thermocapillary force when buoyancy force is weakened.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)932-942
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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