Nursing knowledge: The evolution of scientific philosophies and paradigm trends

Hsuan Man Hung, Hui Ling Wang, Yun Hsuan Chang, Chung Hey Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Different aspects of philosophy are derived from different paradigms that contain various main points, some of which are repeated or overlap. Belief and practice are two components of a paradigm that provide perspective and framework and lead to nursing research. Changes in healthcare have popularized empirical and evidence-based research in the field of nursing research. However, the evidence-base study approach has given rise to a certain level of debate. Until now, no standard paradigm has been established for the nursing field, as different professionals use different paradigms in their studies. Such provides certain limitations as well as advantages. The quantitative aspects of a nursing paradigm were developed by Peplau and Henderson (1950) and Orem (1980). Such remained the standard until 1990, when Guba and Parse proposed qualitative viewpoints in contextual features. Therefore, the nursing paradigm has made great contributions to the development of knowledge in nursing care, although debate continues due to incomplete knowledge attributable to the presentation of knowledge and insight within individually developed paradigms. It is better to apply multiple paradigms to different research questions. It is suggested that better communication amongst experts regarding their individual points of view would help nursing members to integrate findings within the global pool of knowledge and allow replication over multiple studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)64-70
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nursing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)


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