Nutrient limitation of the primary production of phytoplankton at some stations in southern and central Lake Baikal was studied by nutrient enrichment experiments in August 2002. Chlorophyll (Chl.) a concentrations ranged from 0.7 to 5.8μgl-1. Inorganic nutrient concentrations were low: soluble reactive phosphorus ranged from 0.05 to 0.20μmoll-1, ammonia from 0.21 to 0.41μmoll-1, and nitrite plus nitrate from 0.33 to 0.37μmoll-1. In the five enrichment experiments, phosphate spikes and phosphate plus nitrate spikes always stimulated primary production. Nitrate spikes also stimulated primary production in four of the experiments. Significant differences were detected between the controls and phosphate spikes and between the controls and phosphate plus nitrate spikes. Thus, the first limiting nutrient is thought to be phosphorus, but once phosphorus is supplied to the surface water, the limiting nutrient will quickly shift from phosphorus to nitrogen.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Aquatic Science
- Water Science and Technology