Observation of fiber orientation in injection molded long-fiber reinforced composites

Rahul Aditya, Sheng Jye Hwang, Huei Huang Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Today's scenario shows that mostly everywhere especially automotive industry prefers to use lightweight materials to increase the efficiency of vehicles. Fiber Reinforced Thermoplastics (FRT) are the commonly used composites for this purpose due to their abundant availability, cheaper, lighter than metals, non-corrosive and also satisfactorily efficient etc.. For injection molded parts, glass and carbon fibers are the commonly used ones to enhance their mechanical and thermal properties. The orientation of fibers in the parts plays a vital role in making the mechanical properties better. In this work, manual polishing and scanning technique using an optical microscope is implemented to observe the flow pattern of the fibers. The samples are injection-molded products of Polypropylene (PP) reinforced with 50% and 40% weightage of long glass fibers in it. The glass fibers have an average length of 25 mm and average diameter of 17 μm are reinforced with polypropylene in the form of pellets and are used in the injection molding machine to form the product. The sample cut out of the product is then put inside the PMMA, polished and scanned in the cross-sectional direction to see the flow of fibers in the composite. Using 5 grinding papers and 2 polishing papers, the sample is polished using a grinder-polisher. The polished samples are scanned under an optical microscope layer by layer and the microscope is operated using a software, 'pylon viewer'. The scanned images show the fibers' flow layer by layer throughout the part. Defects like-fiber bundles, voids and weld lines in the samples are discovered during the work. The flow phenomenon of fibers is observed in all the layers and there is no layered structure and the fibers are randomly oriented in-plane. The flow phenomenon is more likely to be plug flow.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of PPS-34
Subtitle of host publication34th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society - Conference Papers
EditorsShih-Jung Liu
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735417939
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 6
Event34th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, PPS 2018 - Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 2018 May 212018 May 25

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616


Conference34th International Conference of the Polymer Processing Society, PPS 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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