Objectives: This study compared the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) between HIV-infected and matched non-infected persons and aimed to determine the effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on the incidence of OSA among HIV-infected men. Methods: A population-based cohort design was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), which contained 13,552 HIV-infected persons and 134,361 matched age-, sex-, and index year-controls. The incidence density rates (IRR) were calculated to estimate the OSA incidence both in the HIV group and matched controls. Cox proportional hazard models were applied to assess the HAART effect on the incidence of OSA among HIV-infected men. Results: The IRR of OSA was lower in the HIV group than in the matched controls (1.91 vs. 2.26 per 1000 person-years, respectively). The associated factors for OSA in HIV-infected men were higher monthly salary (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.97, p < 0.01), obesity (aHR, 3.99, p < 0.01), and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (aHR, 2.02, p < 0.01). Continued HAART at least a half year was associated with less diagnosed OSA (AHR, 0.70, p = 0.03) in HIV-infected men. Conclusions: HIV-infected persons had a lower rate of OSA diagnosis compared to the matched controls. Healthcare providers are needed to increase awareness in HIV-infected men with sleep disorders, especially for those with low social economic status, comorbidities, and non-continuous HAART use.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes