East Asians are reportedly at high risk of anticoagulant-related bleeding; therefore, some physicians prefer to prescribe low-dose direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). Little is known about the therapeutic effectiveness and safety of off-label reduced-dose apixaban in East Asians with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to investigate the effectiveness and safety of off-label reduced-dose apixaban in Taiwanese patients with nonvalvular AF.This retrospective cohort study enrolled 1073 patients with nonvalvular AF who took apixaban between July 2014 and October 2018 from 4 medical centers in southern Taiwan. The primary outcomes included thromboembolic events (stroke/transient ischemic attack or systemic embolism), major bleeding, and all-cause mortality.Among all patients, 826 (77%) patients were classified as the "per-label adequate-dose"treatment group (i.e., consistent with the Food and Drug Administration label recommendations) while 247 (23%) patients were the "off-label reduced-dose"treatment group. The mean follow-up period was 17.5 ± 13 months. The "off-label reduced-dose"group did not have a lower major bleeding rate than the "per-label adequate-dose"group (4.8% vs 3.8%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.69-2.09), but had a nonsignificantly higher incidence of thromboembolic events (4.23% vs 3.05%, adjusted HR: 1.29, 95% CI: 0.71-2.34).An off-label reduced-dose apixaban treatment strategy may not provide incremental benefits or safety for Taiwanese patients with nonvalvular AF.
|Journal||Medicine (United States)|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jun 11|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes