Oligoanilines as a suppressor of polysulfide shuttling in lithium-sulfur batteries

Chi Hao Chang, Sheng Heng Chung, Pauline Han, Arumugam Manthiram

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The migration of small polysulfide (LiPS) chains through the porous polymeric separators seriously jeopardizes the cycle life and energy density of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, we present a new concept in which an organic oligoaniline, amine-capped aniline trimer (ACAT), serves as an effective suppressor of the LiPS migration in Li-S cells. The strong interaction between LiPS and ACAT facilitates the formation of bulky ACAT-LiPS complexes (organoLiPS complexes), which are then size-selectively sieved by the porous polymeric separators employed in Li-S cells. Thus, the addition of ACAT significantly ameliorates the electrochemical performances of Li-S batteries due to suppressed LiPS migration. This new concept offers a viable strategy to achieve practically viable Li-S batteries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)908-914
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Horizons
Volume4
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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