A GaN-based light-emitting diode (LED) with a direct-Ohmic contact structure, formed by an indium-tin-oxide (ITO) transparent film and Au thermal-diffused and removed layer, is studied. By depositing an Au metallic film on the Mg-doped GaN layer followed by thermal annealing and removed processes, an ITO direct-Ohmic contact at p-GaN/ITO interface is formed. An enhanced light output power of 18.0% is also found at this condition. This is mainly attributed to the larger and more uniform light-emission area resulted from the improved current spreading capability by the use of an ITO direct-Ohmic contact structure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering