The classical discrete location problem is extended here, where the candidate facilities are subject to failure. The unreliable location problem is defined by introducing the probability that a facility may become inactive. The formulation and the solution procedure have been motivated by an application to model and solve a large size problem for locating base stations in a cellular communication network. We formulate the unreliable discrete location problems as 0-1 integer programming models, and implement an enhanced dual-based solution method to determine locations of these facilities to minimize the sum of fixed cost and expected operating (transportation) cost. Computational tests of some well-known problems have shown that the heuristic is efficient and effective for solving these unreliable location problems.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Modelling and Simulation
- Applied Mathematics