The covalent functionalization of transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) has attracted significant interest because of their novel physicochemical properties for various applications. Herein, we report on amino acid (AA)-induced solution-processed simultaneous exfoliation and in situ covalent functionalization of exfoliated molybdenum disulfide (MoS2). Covalent functionalization of MoS2 with AAs was experimentally validated by various spectrochemical characterization and density functional theory calculations. We find that N terminal binding (NH2) of AAs with sulfur defects on exfoliated MoS2 is much more favorable than the C terminal binding (COOH). Notably, the MoS2 flakes have significantly improved biocompatibility with normal intestinal epithelial cell-6. This exfoliation technique is presented here as general strategy; it is not limited to MoS2 and may apply to exfoliating other MX2 compounds of TMDs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Materials Chemistry