Onset conditions for agglomeration of CO2 snow inside a tube

T. C. Lin, Y. H. Li, M. R. Wang, Y. J. Shen

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


Carbon dioxide (CO2) snow jets are widely used in medical and industrial applications, such as cryogenic therapy, food processing, pharmaceutical granulation, particle removal and surface cleaning. In semiconductor fabrication, CO2 snow cleaning has unique organic and particle removal abilities with eco-friendly that are better than those of traditional surface cleaning methods. A model for the agglomeration of CO2 snow particles is derived by our research team this year, and it provide clear evidence of the agglomeration of CO2 snow inside a tube that has never been published in the literature and indeed providing highly opportunity to advance performance of CO2 cleaning. To prolonging the research results of agglomeration mechanism of primary CO2 snow, this research aim at the controlling-technologies of snow particles, include the onset mechanism and onset length of agglomeration of snow particle. By using the additive manufacturing method by 3D printer, complicated design with converging-diverging configuration and curved surface can easily be realized. This paper experimentally investigates the agglomeration mechanism of CO2 primary particles inside a tube. Results show that a complicated particle motion in the upper portion of the tube is responsible for the formation of large snow. A minimum tube length of 30mm, onset condition, is needed to ensure the complete formation of agglomerated mechanisms with recirculation flow, and thus ensure the formation of considerable agglomerated particles. Results also show that the onset condition of agglomeration is influenced by the flow condition, as well as the lucking of the main flow.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event13th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2015 - Tainan, Taiwan
Duration: 2015 Aug 232015 Aug 27


Conference13th International Conference on Liquid Atomization and Spray Systems, ICLASS 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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