The symmetry of the twin boundaries of ZnO epitaxial film was detected with reflective second harmonic generation (RSHG). The twin boundaries exhibit mirror symmetry with a polar configuration across the boundary plane and yield a nonvanishing polar contribution to RSHG. The nonvanishing second-order susceptibility supports the notion that the measured RSHG originates from the planar defect, which depends on the residual stress in the thin film. We analyzed our RSHG result by correlating the macroscopic data from optic probe with the microscopic data from tunneling electron microscope.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)