Optical switches based on partial band gap and anomalous refraction in photonic crystals modulated by liquid crystals

Yao Yu Wang, Jiun Yeu Chen, Lien-Wen Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optical switches using two transmission properties in triangular photonic crystals infiltrated with liquid crystals (LCs) are investigated for incorporation in wave-guided structures for planar lightwave circuits. The two devices employ partial band gap and anomalous refraction, which are based on the anisotropic characteristics of LC reorientation under applied fields. These switches have been designed and their parameters have been analyzed by the plane wave and finite-difference time-domain calculations. In the on/off switching system, the partial band gap can be controlled when the normalized operation frequency is 0.27. The anomalous refraction can be modulated to deflect a light beam with a maximum deflection angle ∼57° when the frequency is 0.3. The tunability induced by LCs can create a sharp switching in the photonic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10033-10040
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Express
Volume15
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Aug 6

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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