Optimal sink placement in M2M over LTE networks

Yen Hsiung Tseng, Ren Hung Hwang, Chin-Feng Lai, Cheng Yu Hou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Internet of Things (IoT) aims to connect all things to the Internet such that intelligent applications and decisions can be deployed and made. In order to achieve Internet connectivity, the several protocols have been proposed by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), such as IPv6 over Low power WPAN (6LowPAN) and Routing Protocol for Low power and Lossy Networks (RPL), etc. Besides, the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) has proposed Machine Type Communication (MTC) for connecting machines to the Internet through the cellular networks. Thus, in this paper, we consider the wireless sensor networks adopting RPL as the routing protocol and connecting to the Internet through the cellular network interface. There are two types of sensors assumed, routers (relay nodes) and sensors. Only the routers can relay packets and are equipped with the cellular network interface. The sink placement problem becomes a new challenge problem. In this paper, a Genetic Algorithm based strategy is proposed to dynamically change the positions of sink nodes over time. In this strategy, we consider the residual energy on each node and possible routing topologies to determine the optimal positions for sink nodes as well as the optimal number of sink nodes. Finally, the simulation results show that the proposed approach is able to prolong the lifetime of WSN and an adaptive strategy is needed to determine the sink relocation time interval which considers the sink relocation overhead as well as optimizing the sink node selection timely.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015, Held Jointly with 8th IEEE International Conference on Social Computing and Networking, SocialCom 2015, 5th IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Computing and Communications, SustainCom 2015, 2015 International Conference on Big Data Intelligence and Computing, DataCom 2015, 5th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, SC2 2015
EditorsXingang Liu, Peicheng Wang, Yufeng Wang, Mianxiong Dong, Robert C. H. Hsu, Feng Xia, Yuhui Deng
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages135-140
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781509018932
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1
EventIEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015 - Chengdu, China
Duration: 2015 Dec 192015 Dec 21

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015, Held Jointly with 8th IEEE International Conference on Social Computing and Networking, SocialCom 2015, 5th IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Computing and Communications, SustainCom 2015, 2015 International Conference on Big Data Intelligence and Computing, DataCom 2015, 5th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, SC2 2015

Other

OtherIEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015
CountryChina
CityChengdu
Period15-12-1915-12-21

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Information Systems
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Urban Studies

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  • Cite this

    Tseng, Y. H., Hwang, R. H., Lai, C-F., & Hou, C. Y. (2015). Optimal sink placement in M2M over LTE networks. In X. Liu, P. Wang, Y. Wang, M. Dong, R. C. H. Hsu, F. Xia, & Y. Deng (Eds.), Proceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015, Held Jointly with 8th IEEE International Conference on Social Computing and Networking, SocialCom 2015, 5th IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Computing and Communications, SustainCom 2015, 2015 International Conference on Big Data Intelligence and Computing, DataCom 2015, 5th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, SC2 2015 (pp. 135-140). [7463714] (Proceedings - 2015 IEEE International Conference on Smart City, SmartCity 2015, Held Jointly with 8th IEEE International Conference on Social Computing and Networking, SocialCom 2015, 5th IEEE International Conference on Sustainable Computing and Communications, SustainCom 2015, 2015 International Conference on Big Data Intelligence and Computing, DataCom 2015, 5th International Symposium on Cloud and Service Computing, SC2 2015). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/SmartCity.2015.60