We study the local behavior of a solution to the Stokes system with singular coefficients in Rn with n = 2,3. One of our main results is a bound on the vanishing order of a nontrivial solution u satisfying the Stokes system, which is a quantitative version of the strong unique continuation property for u. Different from the previous known results, our strong unique continuation result only involves the velocity field u. Our proof relies on some delicate Carleman-type estimates. We first use these estimates to derive crucial optimal three-ball inequalities for u. Taking advantage of the optimality, we then derive an upper bound on the vanishing order of any nontrivial solution u to the Stokes system from those three-ball inequalities. As an application, we derive a minimal decaying rate at infinity of any nontrivial u satisfying the Stokes equation under some a priori assumptions.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
- Applied Mathematics