Optimization of biodiesel production from transesterification of triolein using zeolite LTA catalysts synthesized from kaolin clay

Tấn Hiệp Đặng, Bing-Hung Chen, Duu Jong Lee

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Abstract

Biodiesel was produced from transesterification of triolein with excess methanol using NaOH-treated kaolin clay as an active catalyst. The natural kaolin was first transformed into an efficacious catalyst under the conditions as (1) calcined kaolin/NaOH(aq) = 1/2 (w/w), and (2) hydrothermal aging for 24 h at 90 °C prior to calcination at 400 °C for 6 h. Coincidently, these NaOH-treated kaolin catalysts possess characteristics of zeolite LTA. Subsequently, the Box–Behnken experimental design was applied to optimize the transesterification process of triolein in methanol. The optimal conditions are found as follows: (1) 36.6 as the mass ratio of methanol-to-triolein in the initial feed, (2) at 62.9 °C as the reaction temperature, (3) 146 min for reaction time, and (4) a catalyst loading at 72 wt. % of triolein used. Under this optimal condition, the conversion efficiency of triolein to biodiesel is (92.8 ± 4.0)%. Furthermore, these as-synthesized zeolite LTA-kaolin catalysts could be reused at least for three consecutive reaction cycles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

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Triolein
Kaolin
Zeolites
Biofuels
Transesterification
Biodiesel
Clay
Catalysts
Methanol
Calcination
Design of experiments
Conversion efficiency
Aging of materials
clay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Optimization of biodiesel production from transesterification of triolein using zeolite LTA catalysts synthesized from kaolin clay",
abstract = "Biodiesel was produced from transesterification of triolein with excess methanol using NaOH-treated kaolin clay as an active catalyst. The natural kaolin was first transformed into an efficacious catalyst under the conditions as (1) calcined kaolin/NaOH(aq) = 1/2 (w/w), and (2) hydrothermal aging for 24 h at 90 °C prior to calcination at 400 °C for 6 h. Coincidently, these NaOH-treated kaolin catalysts possess characteristics of zeolite LTA. Subsequently, the Box–Behnken experimental design was applied to optimize the transesterification process of triolein in methanol. The optimal conditions are found as follows: (1) 36.6 as the mass ratio of methanol-to-triolein in the initial feed, (2) at 62.9 °C as the reaction temperature, (3) 146 min for reaction time, and (4) a catalyst loading at 72 wt. {\%} of triolein used. Under this optimal condition, the conversion efficiency of triolein to biodiesel is (92.8 ± 4.0){\%}. Furthermore, these as-synthesized zeolite LTA-kaolin catalysts could be reused at least for three consecutive reaction cycles.",
author = "Đặng, {Tấn Hiệp} and Bing-Hung Chen and Lee, {Duu Jong}",
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N2 - Biodiesel was produced from transesterification of triolein with excess methanol using NaOH-treated kaolin clay as an active catalyst. The natural kaolin was first transformed into an efficacious catalyst under the conditions as (1) calcined kaolin/NaOH(aq) = 1/2 (w/w), and (2) hydrothermal aging for 24 h at 90 °C prior to calcination at 400 °C for 6 h. Coincidently, these NaOH-treated kaolin catalysts possess characteristics of zeolite LTA. Subsequently, the Box–Behnken experimental design was applied to optimize the transesterification process of triolein in methanol. The optimal conditions are found as follows: (1) 36.6 as the mass ratio of methanol-to-triolein in the initial feed, (2) at 62.9 °C as the reaction temperature, (3) 146 min for reaction time, and (4) a catalyst loading at 72 wt. % of triolein used. Under this optimal condition, the conversion efficiency of triolein to biodiesel is (92.8 ± 4.0)%. Furthermore, these as-synthesized zeolite LTA-kaolin catalysts could be reused at least for three consecutive reaction cycles.

AB - Biodiesel was produced from transesterification of triolein with excess methanol using NaOH-treated kaolin clay as an active catalyst. The natural kaolin was first transformed into an efficacious catalyst under the conditions as (1) calcined kaolin/NaOH(aq) = 1/2 (w/w), and (2) hydrothermal aging for 24 h at 90 °C prior to calcination at 400 °C for 6 h. Coincidently, these NaOH-treated kaolin catalysts possess characteristics of zeolite LTA. Subsequently, the Box–Behnken experimental design was applied to optimize the transesterification process of triolein in methanol. The optimal conditions are found as follows: (1) 36.6 as the mass ratio of methanol-to-triolein in the initial feed, (2) at 62.9 °C as the reaction temperature, (3) 146 min for reaction time, and (4) a catalyst loading at 72 wt. % of triolein used. Under this optimal condition, the conversion efficiency of triolein to biodiesel is (92.8 ± 4.0)%. Furthermore, these as-synthesized zeolite LTA-kaolin catalysts could be reused at least for three consecutive reaction cycles.

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