Optimizing the design of a pharmacokinetic trial to evaluate the dosing scheme of a novel tuberculosis drug in children living with or without HIV

Grace Montepiedra, Elin M. Svensson, Weng Kee Wong, Andrew C. Hooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies in children are usually small and have ethical constraints due to the medical complexities of drawing blood in this special population. Often, population PK models for the drug(s) of interest are available in adults, and these models can be extended to incorporate the expected deviations seen in children. As a consequence, there is increasing interest in the use of optimal design methodology to design PK sampling schemes in children that maximize information using a small sample size and limited number of sampling times per dosing period. As a case study, we use the novel tuberculosis drug delamanid, and show how applications of optimal design methodology can result in highly efficient and model-robust designs in children for estimating PK parameters using a limited number of sampling measurements. Using developed population PK models based on available data from adults living with and without HIV, and limited data on children without HIV, competing designs for children living with HIV were derived and assessed based on robustness to model uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-280
Number of pages11
JournalCPT: Pharmacometrics and Systems Pharmacology
Volume13
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2024 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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