Outcome for very low birth-weight infants.

S. J. Chen, Nai-Wen Guo, P. F. Wang, B. T. Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 69 very low birth weight (VLBW = birth weight less than or equal to 1500gm) infants, born at Veterans General Hospital from January 1, 1984 until December 31, 1986, were studied, excluding 4 patients who were discharged before the condition was stabilized and were also lost to follow-up. The incidence of VLBW infants was 7.5 per thousand of 9214 total live birth deliveries; male to female ratio was 34:39. The hospital mortality rate for babies with birth weight less than 1001gm was 65%; for those with birth weight 1001-1500gm was 30.6%; the total mortality at hospital discharge was 40.6%. The corrected ages at final follow-up assessment ranged from eight months to four years. Among the 41 survivors one case was lost to follow-up. Of the remaining 40 cases, 5 cases had major handicap which was manifested with either severe debilitating morbidity or marked developmental delay; the incidence was 12.5%. One of them died at the postnatal age of 18 months due to ventriculo-peritoneal shunt (V-P shunt) obstruction. Six cases (15.0%) had moderate handicap; the remaining 29 cases (72.5%) were considered to be normal or to suffer from transient, mild, resolvable problems. Cases with mortality or major handicap were categorized into "worse" group, otherwise they belonged to the "better" group. Stepwise multiple discriminant function analysis showed that four factors could correctly classify the outcome in 85.1% of infants: pulmonary hemorrhage was the most important factor followed by birth weight, intraventricular hemorrhage, and maternal antepartum hemorrhage.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-39
Number of pages10
JournalActa Paediatrica Sinica
Volume30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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