Background/Aims: Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatment is recommended in acute stroke within 3 h of onset; however, the benefit of its use in the elderly remains uncertain. We assessed the safety and efficacy of tPA treatment in elderly patients. Methods: We recruited 97 elderly Chinese patients aged ≥80 years with cerebral ischemia presenting within 3 h of onset. Favorable outcomes were defined as discharge to home and modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤2 at discharge. Results: For moderate to severe patients (NIHSS ≥6), the baseline characteristics between the tPA (n = 30) and non-tPA (n = 41) group were not different. The proportion of patients discharged home was 56.7 and 61%, respectively (p = 0.72). For patients with baseline mRS ≤2, the frequency of discharged mRS ≤2 was not different (27.3% of the tPA group and 26.9% of the non-tPA group; p = 1.00). Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage was 6.7 and 2.4%, respectively (p = 0.31). For minor stroke patients (NIHSS ≤5), tPA was not considered and the outcome of those discharged home and mRS ≤2 was 73 and 88%, respectively. Conclusion: Elderly patients can be treated safely with intravenous tPA, whereas our data did not support routine thrombolysis. Further randomized trials in the elderly are encouraged.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology