Outstanding performance of capacitive deionization by a hierarchically porous 3D architectural graphene

Wahid Dianbudiyanto, Shou-Heng Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To attain the optimal capacitive deionization (CDI) performance for brackish water desalination, an electrode should possess high electrical conductivity, large surface area, hierarchically porous carbons with three-dimensional (3D) interconnection which can provide efficient pathways for ion and electron transfer. Herein we demonstrate a novel route to prepare a hierarchically porous 3D architectural graphene by using a combination of microwave treatment and H2O2-assisted hydrothermal method. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of prepared 3D porous graphene are identified by scanning/transmission electron microscopy, X-ray based spectroscopies, Raman, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impendence spectroscopy. The desalination tests are carried out by using a batch-mode CDI at 1.4 V in a 500 ppm NaCl solution. Experimental results show that 3D porous graphene has a superior specific capacitance (190 F g1) and ultrahigh electrosorption capacity (21.58 mg g1). This unique hierarchically porous 3D graphene which exhibits good electrical conductivity, efficient ion transport and lower charge transfer resistance could be one of promising electrodes for CDI in the practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114069
JournalDesalination
Volume468
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 15

Fingerprint

Graphite
Graphene
electrical conductivity
electrode
ion
Raman spectroscopy
Desalination
brackish water
desalination
transmission electron microscopy
desorption
surface area
scanning electron microscopy
spectroscopy
Ions
adsorption
electron
Electrodes
nitrogen
carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "To attain the optimal capacitive deionization (CDI) performance for brackish water desalination, an electrode should possess high electrical conductivity, large surface area, hierarchically porous carbons with three-dimensional (3D) interconnection which can provide efficient pathways for ion and electron transfer. Herein we demonstrate a novel route to prepare a hierarchically porous 3D architectural graphene by using a combination of microwave treatment and H2O2-assisted hydrothermal method. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of prepared 3D porous graphene are identified by scanning/transmission electron microscopy, X-ray based spectroscopies, Raman, nitrogen adsorption-desorption, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impendence spectroscopy. The desalination tests are carried out by using a batch-mode CDI at 1.4 V in a 500 ppm NaCl solution. Experimental results show that 3D porous graphene has a superior specific capacitance (190 F g−1) and ultrahigh electrosorption capacity (21.58 mg g−1). This unique hierarchically porous 3D graphene which exhibits good electrical conductivity, efficient ion transport and lower charge transfer resistance could be one of promising electrodes for CDI in the practical applications.",
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Outstanding performance of capacitive deionization by a hierarchically porous 3D architectural graphene. / Dianbudiyanto, Wahid; Liu, Shou-Heng.

In: Desalination, Vol. 468, 114069, 15.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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