Palliative care quiz for Nurses-Indonesian Version (PCQN-I): A cross-cultural adaptation, validity, and reliability study

Nuzul Hertanti, Anggi Wicaksana, Christantie Effendy, Chi Yin Kao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim: The study is aimed to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of the palliative care quiz for nurses in an Indonesian context to evaluate its psychometric properties. Methods: A two-phase design was used in this study, including cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric testing. The PCQN-I was tested on a convenience sample of health-care providers recruited from 20 primary health-care (PHC) centers in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, from July to October 2017. Results: The cross-cultural adaptation ultimately resulted in a total of 20 items from the PCQN-I. An expert committee revised the words in Item 4 from 'adjuvant therapies' to 'adjuvant therapies/additional therapies,' in Item 5 from 'bowel regimen' to 'gastrointestinal therapies,' and Item 16 from 'Demerol' to 'Pethidine' based on the Indonesian context. The experts retained Item 5 'It is crucial for family members to remain at the bedside until death occurs,' although none of the participants (n = 40) involved in the pilot testing could answer it correctly, and Item 19 'The loss of a distant or contentious relationship is easier to resolve than the loss of one that is close or intimate' although few participants responded correctly. A total of 150 health-care providers consisting of 100 nurses and 50 physicians were involved in the psychometric testing. The scale-level content validity index/Ave of the PCQN-I was 97 and 93 in terms of its relevancy and clarity, respectively. The reliability was calculated as the Kuder-Richardson formula 20 score was 0.71. Conclusions: The PCQN-I is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing palliative care knowledge among PHC providers. Further research is warranted to examine its reliability in different clinical settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalIndian Journal of Palliative Care
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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