This article describes existing methods and develops new methods for constructing simultaneous confidence bands for a cumulative distribution function. Our results are built on extensions of previous work by Cheng and Iles for two-sided and one-sided bands, respectively. Cheng and Iles used Wald statistics with (expected) Fisher information. We consider three alternatives-Wald statistics with observed Fisher information, Wald statistics with local information, and likelihood ratio statistics. We compare standard large-sample approximate methods with simulation or bootstrap-calibrated versions of the same methods. For (log-) location-scale distributions with complete or failure (Type II) censoring, the bootstrap methods have the correct coverage probability. A simulation for the Weibull distribution and time-censored (Type I) data shows that bootstrap methods provide coverage probabilities that are closer to nominal than those based on the usual large-sample approximations. We illustrate the methods with examples from product-life analysis and nondestructive evaluation probability of detection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistics and Probability
- Modelling and Simulation
- Applied Mathematics