PARO robot affects diverse interaction modalities in group sensory therapy for older adults with dementia

Selma Šabanovic, Casey C. Bennett, Wan Ling Chang, Lesa Huber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We evaluated the seal-like robot PARO in the context of multi-sensory behavioral therapy in a local nursing home. Participants were 10 elderly nursing home residents with varying levels of dementia. We report three principle findings from our observations of interactions between the residents, PARO, and a therapist during seven weekly therapy sessions. Firstly, we show PARO provides indirect benefits for users by increasing their activity in particular modalities of social interaction, including visual, verbal, and physical interaction, which vary between primary and non-primary interactors. Secondly, PARO's positive effects on older adults' activity levels show steady growth over the duration of our study, suggesting they are not due to short-term 'novelty effects.' Finally, we show a variety of ways in which individual participants interacted with PARO and relate this to the 'interpretive flexibility' of its design.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec 31
Event2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013 - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: 2013 Jun 242013 Jun 26

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics
ISSN (Print)1945-7898
ISSN (Electronic)1945-7901

Conference

Conference2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013
CountryUnited States
CitySeattle, WA
Period13-06-2413-06-26

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Rehabilitation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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    Šabanovic, S., Bennett, C. C., Chang, W. L., & Huber, L. (2013). PARO robot affects diverse interaction modalities in group sensory therapy for older adults with dementia. In 2013 IEEE 13th International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics, ICORR 2013 [6650427] (IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2013.6650427