Pathways involved in vanadate-induced root hair formation in Arabidopsis

Chung Yi Lin, Li Yao Huang, Wen Chang Chi, Tsai Lien Huang, Tatsuo Kakimoto, Chang Rong Tsai, Hao Jen Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Root hair formation is controlled by environmental signals. We found significantly increased Arabidopsis root hair density and length in response to low-dose vanadate (V). Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was induced with V treatment. We investigated the possible role of NADPH oxidase in altering root system architecture induced by V by using diphenylene iodonium (DPI), an inhibitor of NADPH oxidase, and an NADPH oxidase mutant (rhd2/AtrbohC). NADPH oxidase was involved in root hair elongation induced by V. As well, ethylene receptor (ETR1) and ROOT HAIR DEFECTIVE (RHD6) participated in inducing root hair formation induced by V. Furthermore, the kinase inhibitors, genistein (tyrosine kinase inhibitor) and K252a (ser/thr kinase inhibitor), and a phosphatase inhibitor, cantharidin (ser/thr phosphatase inhibitor), suppressed root hair formation induced by V. To elucidate the regulation of gene expression in response to V, we investigated transcriptional changes in roots by microarray assay. Exposure to V triggered changes in transcript levels of genes related to cell wall formation, ROS activity and signaling. Several genes involved in root hair formation were also regulated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-148
Number of pages12
JournalPhysiologia plantarum
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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