Pb2+ induces gastrin gene expression by extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 and transcription factor activator protein 1 in human gastric carcinoma cells

Chien Pin Chan, Yao Ting Tsai, Yao Li Chen, Yu Wen Hsu, Ta-Chien Tseng, Hung Yi Chuang, Robert Shiurba, Mei Hsien Lee, Jaw Yuan Wang, Wei Chiao Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Divalent lead ions (Pb2+) are toxic environmental pollutants known to cause serious health problems in humans and animals. Absorption of Pb2+ from air, water, and food takes place in the respiratory and digestive tracts. The ways in which absorbed Pb2+ affects cell physiology are just beginning to be understood at the molecular level. Here, we used reverse transcription PCR and Western blotting to analyze cultures of human gastric carcinoma cells exposed to 10 μM lead nitrate. We found that Pb2+ induces gastrin hormone gene transcription and translation in a time-dependent manner. Promoter deletion analysis revealed that activator protein 1 (AP1) was necessary for gastrin gene transcription in cells exposed to Pb2+. MitogIen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/ERK kinase inhibitor PD98059 suppressed the Pb2+-induced increase in messenger RNA. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors AG1478 and PD153035 reduced both transcription and phosphorylation by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2). Cells exposed to Pb2+ also increased production of c-Jun protein, a component of AP1, and over-expression of c-Jun enhanced activation of the gastrin promoter. In sum, the findings suggest the EGFR-ERK1/2-AP1 pathway mediates the effects of Pb2+ on gastrin gene activity in cell culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-136
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Toxicology
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Gastrins
Transcription Factor AP-1
Transcription
Gene expression
gene expression
Stomach
Transcription Factors
Cells
Carcinoma
Gene Expression
protein
Genes
Cell culture
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun
gene
inhibitor
Cell Physiological Phenomena

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Chan, Chien Pin ; Tsai, Yao Ting ; Chen, Yao Li ; Hsu, Yu Wen ; Tseng, Ta-Chien ; Chuang, Hung Yi ; Shiurba, Robert ; Lee, Mei Hsien ; Wang, Jaw Yuan ; Chang, Wei Chiao. / Pb2+ induces gastrin gene expression by extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 and transcription factor activator protein 1 in human gastric carcinoma cells. In: Environmental Toxicology. 2015 ; Vol. 30, No. 2. pp. 129-136.
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Pb2+ induces gastrin gene expression by extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 and transcription factor activator protein 1 in human gastric carcinoma cells. / Chan, Chien Pin; Tsai, Yao Ting; Chen, Yao Li; Hsu, Yu Wen; Tseng, Ta-Chien; Chuang, Hung Yi; Shiurba, Robert; Lee, Mei Hsien; Wang, Jaw Yuan; Chang, Wei Chiao.

In: Environmental Toxicology, Vol. 30, No. 2, 01.02.2015, p. 129-136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Tsai, Yao Ting

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AU - Hsu, Yu Wen

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AU - Chuang, Hung Yi

AU - Shiurba, Robert

AU - Lee, Mei Hsien

AU - Wang, Jaw Yuan

AU - Chang, Wei Chiao

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