PdTe2 Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide: Chemical Reactivity, Thermal Stability, and Device Implementation

Gianluca D'Olimpio, Cheng Guo, Chia Nung Kuo, Raju Edla, Chin Shan Lue, Luca Ottaviano, Piero Torelli, Lin Wang, Danil W. Boukhvalov, Antonio Politano

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Abstract

Palladium ditelluride (PdTe2) is a novel transition-metal dichalcogenide exhibiting type-II Dirac fermions and topological superconductivity. To assess its potential in technology, its chemical and thermal stability is investigated by means of surface-science techniques, complemented by density functional theory, with successive implementation in electronics, specifically in a millimeter-wave receiver. While water adsorption is energetically unfavorable at room temperature, due to a differential Gibbs free energy of ≈+12 kJ mol−1, the presence of Te vacancies makes PdTe2 surfaces unstable toward surface oxidation with the emergence of a TeO2 skin, whose thickness remains sub-nanometric even after one year in air. Correspondingly, the measured photocurrent of PdTe2-based optoelectronic devices shows negligible changes (below 4%) in a timescale of one month, thus excluding the need of encapsulation in the nanofabrication process. Remarkably, the responsivity of a PdTe2-based millimeter-wave receiver is 13 and 21 times higher than similar devices based on black phosphorus and graphene in the same operational conditions, respectively. It is also discovered that pristine PdTe2 is thermally stable in a temperature range extending even above 500 K, thus paving the way toward PdTe2-based high-temperature electronics. Finally, it is shown that the TeO2 skin, formed upon air exposure, can be removed by thermal reduction via heating in vacuum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1906556
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

D'Olimpio, G., Guo, C., Kuo, C. N., Edla, R., Lue, C. S., Ottaviano, L., Torelli, P., Wang, L., Boukhvalov, D. W., & Politano, A. (2020). PdTe2 Transition-Metal Dichalcogenide: Chemical Reactivity, Thermal Stability, and Device Implementation. Advanced Functional Materials, 30(5), [1906556]. https://doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201906556