Peak expiratory flow rate and sarcopenia risk in older Indonesian people: A nationwide survey

Edi Sampurno Ridwan, Bayu Satria Wiratama, Mei Yu Lin, Wen Hsuan Hou, Megan Fang Liu, Ching Min Chen, Hamam Hadi, Maw Pin Tan, Pei Shan Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Reduced peak expiratory flow is a common physiological change in older individuals and age is an important predictor for sarcopenia. We analyzed nationwide survey data to determine the relationship between peak expiratory flow rate and sarcopenia in older Indonesians. Community-dwelling Indonesian individuals aged ≥60 years (n = 2422; mean age = 67.21 y) from the fifth-wave data of the Indonesian Family Life Survey was selected. Sarcopenia was diagnosed based on handgrip strength, gait speed, and appendicular skeletal muscle mass measurements. Peak expiratory flow rates (PEFRs) were categorized according to their percentage of predicted flow rates as <50%, 50% to 80%, and >80%. Confounders previously determined to be associated with sarcopenia occurrence were included. Sarcopenia prevalence was 50.25%. After adjustment for confounders, PEFRs of <50% and 50% to 80% were associated with an increased sarcopenia risk (odds ratio = 5.22 and 1.88, respectively) compared with PEFRs of >80%. Poor lung function was independently associated with sarcopenia occurrence. Future studies should explore the usefulness of PEFR as a risk factor of sarcopenia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0246179
JournalPloS one
Issue number2 February
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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