Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy Combination Prolonged Progression-Free Survival in Patients with NSCLC with High PD-L1 Expression and Low Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio

Jeng Shiuan Tsai, Sheng Huan Wei, Chian Wei Chen, Szu Chun Yang, Yau Lin Tseng, Po Lan Su, Chien Chung Lin, Wu Chou Su

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) has provided overall survival (OS) benefits in patients with treatment-naïve advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without targetable driver mutations. However, studies comparing ICIs monotherapy with combination therapy either with chemotherapy or radiotherapy in programmed death-ligand 1 high expressors remain limited. This study aimed to retrospectively compare the treatment efficacy of the therapies by studying 47 patients with treatment-naïve advanced NSCLC who received ICI monotherapy (n = 28) or combination therapy either with chemotherapy or radiotherapy (n = 19). Progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were estimated using the Kaplan–Meier method and compared using log–rank tests. It was observed that patients who received combination therapy had a better PFS than monotherapy, but no such significant benefit was observed in OS. The difference in PFS was higher in the subgroup of patients with low neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) than in the high-NLR patient subgroup. This study suggests that pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy could provide a significant benefit in PFS, especially in patients with treatment-naïve advanced NSCLC with low NLR. Furthermore, our study also demonstrates the potential use of NLR as a biomarker for prediction of treatment outcomes in patients with advanced NSCLC receiving combination therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1407
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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