Penaeus monodon TATA box-binding protein interacts with the white spot syndrome virus transactivator IE1 and promotes its transcriptional activity

Wang Jing Liu, Yun Shiang Chang, Wei Tung Huang, I. Tung Chen, K. C.Han Ching Wang, Guang Hsiung Kou, Chu Fang Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We show here that the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) immediate-early protein IE1 interacts with the Penaeus monodon TATA box-binding protein (PmTBP) and that this protein-protein interaction occurs in the absence of any other viral or cellular proteins or nucleic acids, both in vitro and in vivo. Mapping studies using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) fusion proteins containing truncations of IE1 and PmTBP delimited the interacting regions to amino acids (aa) 81 to 180 in IE1 and, except for aa 171 to 230, to aa 111 to 300 in PmTBP. A WSSV IE1 transactivation assay showed that large quantities (>800 ng) of the GAL4-IE1 plasmid caused "squelching" of the GAL4-IE1 activity and that this squelching effect was alleviated by the overexpression of PmTBP. Gene silencing of WSSV ie1 and PmTBP by pretreatment with double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) prior to WSSV challenge showed that the expression of these two target genes was specifically inhibited by their corresponding dsRNAs 72 and 96 h after dsRNA treatment. dsRNA silencing of ie1 and PmTBP expression also significantly reduced WSSV replication and the expression of the viral early gene dnapol (DNA polymerase gene). These results suggest that WSSV IE1 and PmTBP work cooperatively with each other during transcription initiation and, furthermore, that PmTBP is an important target for WSSV IE1's transactivation activity that can enhance viral gene expression and help in virus replication

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6535-6547
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume85
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Insect Science
  • Virology

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