Peptic ulcer bleeding patients with Rockall scores ≥6 are at risk of long-term ulcer rebleeding: A 3.5-year prospective longitudinal study

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Patients with high Rockall scores have increased risk of rebleeding and mortality within 30 days after peptic ulcer bleeding, but long-term outcomes deserve follow-up after cessation of proton pump inhibitors. The paper aimed to validate whether patients with high Rockall scores have more recurrent ulcer bleeding in a 3.5-year longitudinal cohort. Methods: Between August 2011 and July 2014, 368 patients with peptic ulcer bleeding were prospectively enrolled after endoscopic hemostasis to receive proton pump inhibitors for at least 8 to 16 weeks. These subjects were categorized into either a Rockall scores ≥6 group (n = 257) or a Rockall scores <6 group (n = 111) and followed up until July of 2015 to assess recurrent ulcer bleeding. Results: The proportion of patients with rebleeding during the 3.5-year follow-up was higher in patients with Rockall scores ≥6 than in those with scores <6 (10.51 vs. 3.63 per 100 person-year, P = 0.004, log–rank test). Among patients with Rockall scores ≥6, activated partial thromboplastin time prolonged ≥1.5-fold (P = 0.045), American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status class ≥III (P = 0.02), and gastric ulcer (P = 0.04) were three additional independent factors found to increase rebleeding risk. The cumulative rebleeding rate was higher in patients with Rockall scores ≥6 with more than or equal to any two additional factors than in those with fewer than two additional factors (15.69 vs. 7.63 per 100 person-year, P = 0.012, log–rank test). Conclusions: Patients with Rockall scores ≥6 are at risk of long-term recurrent peptic ulcer bleeding. The risk can be independently increased by the presence of activated partial thromboplastin time prolonged ≥1.5-fold, American Society of Anesthesiologists class ≥III, and gastric ulcer in patients with Rockall scores ≥6.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-163
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia)
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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