Peptide mimicrying between SARS coronavirus spike protein and human proteins reacts with SARS patient serum

K. Y. Hwa, W. M. Lin, Y. I. Hou, Trai-Ming Yeh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Molecular mimicry, defined as similar structures shared by molecules from dissimilar genes or proteins, is a general strategy used by pathogens to infect host cells. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a new human respiratory infectious disease caused by SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV). The spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV plays an important role in the virus entry into a cell. In this study, eleven synthetic peptides from the S protein were selected based on its sequence homology with human proteins. Two of the peptides D07 (residues 927-937) and D08 (residues 942-951) were recognized by the sera of SARS patients. Murine hyperimmune sera against these peptides bound to proteins of human lung epithelial cells A549. Another peptide D10 (residues 490-502) stimulated A549 to proliferate and secrete IL-8. The present results suggest that the selected S protein regions, which share sequence homology with human proteins, may play important roles in SARS-CoV infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number326464
JournalJournal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology
Volume2008
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 7

Fingerprint

Coronavirus Spike Glycoproteins
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome
Protein S
Peptides
Serum
Sequence Homology
Proteins
Pulmonary diseases
Molecular Mimicry
Pathogens
Virus Internalization
Interleukin-8
Viruses
Coronavirus
Genes
Communicable Diseases
Molecules
Epithelial Cells
Lung
Infection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Genetics
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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Peptide mimicrying between SARS coronavirus spike protein and human proteins reacts with SARS patient serum. / Hwa, K. Y.; Lin, W. M.; Hou, Y. I.; Yeh, Trai-Ming.

In: Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology, Vol. 2008, No. 1, 326464, 07.04.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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