A novel P3HT:PCBM inverted polymer solar cell (IPSC) was fabricated and investigated. An extra PCBM and an extra P3HT interfacial layers were inserted into the bottom side and the top side of the P3HT:PCBM absorption layer of the IPSCs to respectively enhance electron transport and hole transport to the corresponding electrodes. According to the surface energy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and atomic force microscopy (AFM) measurement results, the extra PCBM interfacial layer could let more P3HT to form on the top side of the P3HT:PCBM blends. It revealed that the non-continuous pathways of P3HT in the P3HT:PCBM absorption layer could be reduced. Consequently, the carrier recombination centers were reduced in the absorption layer of IPSCs. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of the P3HT:PCBM IPSCs with an extra PCBM interfacial layer greatly increased from 3.39% to 4.50% in comparison to the P3HT:PCBM IPSCs without an extra PCBM interfacial layer. Moreover, the performance of the P3HT:PCBM IPSCs with an extra PCBM interfacial layer could be improved by inserting an extra P3HT interfacial layer between the absorption layer and the MoO3 layer. The PCE of the resulting IPSCs increased from 4.50% to 4.97%.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering