To improve the performances of pentacene-based organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs), a TPD buffer layer was inserted between the Au metal electrode and the pentacene channel layer. As shown by the ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy measurement, the Au work function was increased from 4.61 eV for Au in direct contact with pentacene to 4.74 eV and 4.78 eV for the sample inserted with 2-nm-thick and 3-nm-thick TPD buffer layers, respectively, between the Au metal electrode and the pentacene channel layer. Moreover, the contact resistance was reduced from 1 MΩ to 0.1 MΩ by inserting a 2-nm-thick TPD buffer layer. Compared with the transconductance of 2.67 × 10-7 S, the field-effect mobility of 0.46 cm2/V s, and the substhreshold swing of 1.78 V/decade for the conventional pentacene-based OTFTs without TPD buffer layer, the transconductance, the field-effect mobility, and the subthreshold swing were improved to 9.77 × 10-7 S, 1.68 cm2/V s, and 1.46 V/decade, respectively, for the pentacene-based OTFTs inserted with a 2-nm-thick TPD buffer layer. By considering the trade-off between the increase of Au work function and the tunneling effect, the optimal thickness of the TPD buffer layer in the pentacene-based OTFTs was 2 nm.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering