Permeation of hydrogen through palladium/alumina composite membranes

T. C. Huang, M. C. Wei, H. I. Chen

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30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the Pd/alumina composite membranes for hydrogen separation were prepared on a disk-type of α-alumina porous support and supported γ-alumina membrane by electroless-plating technique, respectively. The composite membranes with thickness of palladium layer ranging from 7-15 μm are used in the gas permeation experiment under 600-669 K and 50-220 kPa. The experimental results demonstrated that the hydrogen transport through these composite membranes is mainly controlled by solution-diffusion mechanism. It also showed that the selectivity coefficient of H2/N2 in the composite membranes reaches to infinite. The exponential dependency of the hydrogen partial pressure on permeation rate is in the range of 0.627 to 0.688, which is somewhat above that predicted by Sievert's law. Furthermore, the apparent activation energies of hydrogen permeation from the experimental results are within 8.8-9.3 kJ/mol. Additionally, the transport behavior of hydrogen through the bulk Pd layer of Pd/alumina composite membranes were analyzed based on the resistance model. Consequently, the hydrogen flux through a Pd/alumina composite membrane, with a palladium film of 7 μm thick, deviated from Sievert's law. In addition, the hydrogen flux through thick Pd film (15 μm) was observed to be proportional to the difference in the square root of the hydrogen pressure on either side of the film, in accordance with Sievert's law.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-222
Number of pages24
JournalSeparation Science and Technology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation


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