Persistent currents in finite zigzag carbon nanotubes

R. B. Chen, B. J. Lu, Chin-Chun Tsai, C. P. Chang, F. L. Shyu, Min-Fa Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Magnetic properties of finite zigzag carbon nanotubes are studied within the tight-binding model. The spin-B interaction (Zeeman splitting) causes the metal-semiconductor transition and thus produces a large persistent current (J) with special jump structures. This effect makes all zigzag carbon nanotubes exhibit a gigantic paramagnetism. It also destroys the periodicity of magnetic properties. The dependence on the magnetic flux, the length (w), the radius (r), the temperature (T), and the chirality (zigzag or armchair) is strong. The amplitude of J quickly decreases with increasing of (w,r,T). Zigzag carbon nanotubes differ significantly from armchair carbon nanotubes (or infinite zigzag carbon nanotubes) in features such as magnetic susceptibility and in special structures in J.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2873-2878
Number of pages6
JournalCarbon
Volume42
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Carbon Nanotubes
Carbon nanotubes
Magnetic properties
Paramagnetism
Chirality
Beam plasma interactions
Magnetic flux
Magnetic susceptibility
Metals
Semiconductor materials
Temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Chen, R. B. ; Lu, B. J. ; Tsai, Chin-Chun ; Chang, C. P. ; Shyu, F. L. ; Lin, Min-Fa. / Persistent currents in finite zigzag carbon nanotubes. In: Carbon. 2004 ; Vol. 42, No. 14. pp. 2873-2878.
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Persistent currents in finite zigzag carbon nanotubes. / Chen, R. B.; Lu, B. J.; Tsai, Chin-Chun; Chang, C. P.; Shyu, F. L.; Lin, Min-Fa.

In: Carbon, Vol. 42, No. 14, 01.01.2004, p. 2873-2878.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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