Perturbation Features Imprinted on Ionosphere by Successive Clusters of Strong Earthquakes: Role of Atmospheric Coupling Dynamics

M. Devi, A. K. Barbara, S. Patgiri, A. Depueva, K. Oyama, V. Depuev, Yu Ya Ruzhin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Abstract: The paper presents atmospheric coupling physics through identifying a few significant features imprinted on the ionosphere by certain unique seismic environments when a number of successive cluster of earthquakes ranging from 7.1 to 8.2 magnitudes occurred within about two weeks period, over the East-West Pacific zone covering 150° E to 70° W. Amongst the cases considered here are earthquakes of Chile Apr. 1, 2014 (M = 8.2) and Apr. 3, 2014 (M = 7.7), New Guinea Apr. 11, 2014 (M = 7.1) and Solomon Islands 13.04.2014 (M = 7.6). The main data source for the study is Global TEC with supplementary inputs from GPS observations taken at Guwahati (26° N, 92° E), an Appleton anomaly crest region. A few EQ events with epicenters in and around this anomaly zone are also taken in the study to focus on the seismic induced density features like Earthquake time Equatorial Anomaly (EEA) and Earthquake time Equatorial Anomaly Crest (EEAC) developed over the belt. Such anomalous modifications in TEC resulting to growths of EEA and EEAC covering Solomon Islands—New Guinea extending up to Chile along the fault lines for more than a month, are significant observations brought out in the paper. The GPS TEC data from Gauhati University are utilized in identifying the epicentre position through anomalous appearance of satellites beyond the Line Of Sight (LOS) observation. Finally, the seasonal role on enhancing the seismic induced E-field coupled by mutual interactive EQ preparatory effects of the three major events as well as in enhancement of EQ time radon emission through fault is invoked in explanation to the anomalous density features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)955-970
Number of pages16
JournalGeomagnetism and Aeronomy
Volume59
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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