Petroclival area lesions are rare, and their surgery is challenging due to the deep location and to the complex relationships between the tumor and the neurovascular structures. The objective is to present a petroclival tumor model simulating the distorted anatomy of a real petroclival lesion and propose its use to practice microsurgical removal while preserving neurovascular structures. Four embalmed cadaver heads were used in this study. An endoscopic endonasal transclival approach was used to access the dura in front of the trigeminal nerve; a pediatric Foley was inserted above the trigeminal nerve and was gradually inflated (one-balloon technique). If a larger tumor model was desired, an additional balloon was placed below the trigeminal nerve (two-balloon technique). A pre-mixed tumor polymer was injected into the petroclival space and allowed to harden to create an implanted tumor. A post-implant CT scan was done to evaluate the location and volume of the implanted artificial tumor. Tumors were subsequently excised via retrosigmoid and anterior petrosal approaches. Six petroclival tumors were successfully developed: three were small (9.41–10.36 ml) and three large (21.05–23.99 ml). During dissection, distorted anatomy created by the tumor model mimicked that of real surgery. We have established a petroclival tumor model with adjustable size which offers opportunities to study the distorted anatomy of the area and that is able to be used as a training tool to practice microsurgical removal of petroclival lesions. The practice dissection of this tumor model can be a bridge between a normal anatomic dissection and real surgery.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology