Petroleum waste biorefinery: A way towards circular economy

Sunita Varjani, Bishwambhar Mishra, Rajasri Yadavalli, Xuan Thanh Bui, Mohammad J. Taherzadeh, Dinesh Chand Agrawal, Siming You, Jo Shu Chang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)


The petroleum industry is one of the fastest-growing sectors in the world owing to their increasing energy needs. Petroleum refinery produces a large number of waste products like volatile organic compounds, oily sludge, wastewater, heavy metals, waste catalyst, etc. The major ecological challenge for this refinery process is to manage the enormous amount of waste considering the nature of the waste and the changing strict environmental regulations. Disposal and spillage of petroleum products in the underground storage sites have also posed significant risks to groundwater sources in many oil-contaminated areas. This chapter provides comprehensive information about recent developments, advancements, barriers associated, and major challenges associated with the process control of petroleum waste management. Circularizing the economy in the petroleum waste biorefinery model for the production of various products has been discussed. Finally, this chapter also highlights the challenges and perspectives in the area of a petroleum refinery to comply with resource recovery and waste management practices.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWaste Biorefinery
Subtitle of host publicationValue Addition through Resource Utilization
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)9780128218792
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering


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