Phase determination of partial discharge source in a three-phase transmission line based on high-frequency equivalent circuit model and signal detection using HFCT

Ming Shou Su, Jiann-Fuh Chen, Yu Hsun Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper proposes a method for determining the phase where partial discharges (PD) occur based on a high-frequency equivalent circuit model of the cable. The high-frequency current transformer (HFCT) is employed for signal measurement. Since the PD singles are propagated as a travelling wave along the power cable, the HFCT can be used to detect electricity signal and determine where PD sources are taken place from the transmission lines. The conventional observations of PD signals via oscilloscopes are affected by capacitive effect (i.e., cross-talk). Measuring the polarity of the waveform can improve the accuracy of PD source determination which can be identified by an equivalent circuit model. From simulation and measurement results, the polarity of the waveform in the phase where PD occurs is just the inverse of the signal waveforms in other two phases. Furthermore, the crest value of the waveform, estimation of the power spectral density and average power are used to verify this new approach. Finally, the proposed approach can accurately determine the phase location of PD sources in the field under high noise environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-108
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Transactions on Electrical Energy Systems
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1

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Electric instrument transformers
Equivalent Circuit
Signal Detection
Partial discharges
Signal detection
Transformer
Transmission Line
Equivalent circuits
Electric lines
Partial
Waveform
Polarity
Cable
Model
Cables
Power Spectral Density
Crosstalk
Power spectral density
Electricity
Traveling Wave

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper proposes a method for determining the phase where partial discharges (PD) occur based on a high-frequency equivalent circuit model of the cable. The high-frequency current transformer (HFCT) is employed for signal measurement. Since the PD singles are propagated as a travelling wave along the power cable, the HFCT can be used to detect electricity signal and determine where PD sources are taken place from the transmission lines. The conventional observations of PD signals via oscilloscopes are affected by capacitive effect (i.e., cross-talk). Measuring the polarity of the waveform can improve the accuracy of PD source determination which can be identified by an equivalent circuit model. From simulation and measurement results, the polarity of the waveform in the phase where PD occurs is just the inverse of the signal waveforms in other two phases. Furthermore, the crest value of the waveform, estimation of the power spectral density and average power are used to verify this new approach. Finally, the proposed approach can accurately determine the phase location of PD sources in the field under high noise environment.",
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