Through the execution of experimental investigation, thermogravimetry, X-ray diffractometry, Fourier transform-infrared spectrometry, transmission electron microscopy, and energy-dispersive spectrometry, a variant reaction mechanism model was proposed for the solid-state reaction between SrCO 3 and Al2O3/AlOOH for formation of SrAl 2O4 material. The solid-state reaction is observed to be dependent on the calcination temperature. At temperatures lower than the transformation temperature of SrCO3 from orthorhombic to hexagonal (920°C), the reaction is attributed to the interfacial reaction between SrCO3 and alumina. Conversely, at temperatures higher than that, the solid-state reaction is dominated by the diffusion of Al3+ ions into the SrCO3 lattice. In this mechanism, two metastable species, hexagonal SrCO3 and hexagonal SrAl2O4, were observed. The activation energies of SrCO3 decomposition in the solid-state reaction also support these results. The interfacial reaction at low temperatures is characterized by a high activation energy of ∼130 kJ/mol; whereas, in the reaction at higher temperatures, the activation energy of SrCO3 decomposition decreases to 34 kJ/mol.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Materials Chemistry