Phase Stability, Phase Transformation Kinetics, and Conductivity of Y2O3—Bi2O3 Solid Electrolytes Containing Aliovalent Dopants

Kuan Zong Fung, Anil V. Virkar

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66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single‐phase, cubic solid solutions of baseline composition 25% Y2O3—75% Bi2O3 with and without aliovalent dopants were fabricated by pressureless sintering of powder compacts. CaO, SrO, ZrO2, or ThO2 was added as an aliovalent dopant. Sintered samples were annealed between 600° and 650°C for up to 4000 h. Samples doped with ZrO2 or ThO2 remained cubic, depending upon the dopant concentration, even after long‐term annealing. By contrast, undoped, CaO‐doped, and SrO‐doped samples transformed to the low‐temperature, rhombohedral phase within ∼ 200 h. Conductivity measurements showed no degradation of conductivity in samples that did not undergo the transformation. In samples that underwent the transformation, a substantial decrease in conductivity occurred. The enhanced stability of the ZrO2‐ and ThO2‐doped samples is rationalized on the basis of suppressed interdiffusion on the cation sublattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1970-1980
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume74
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1991 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

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