Phase transformation and morphology of calcium phosphate prepared by electrochemical deposition process through alkali treatment and calcination

Hui Ting Chen, Moo Chin Wang, Kuo Ming Chang, Szu Hao Wang, Wei Jen Shih, Wong Long Li

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase transformation and morphology of calcium phosphate prepared by the electrochemical deposition (ECD) process through alkali treatment and calcination have been characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermogravimetry and differential thermal analyses (TG/DTA), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). At the ECD process, when the excess OH- was produced, the reaction of 10Ca2++6PO 4 3- +2OH-→Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2 takes place on the Ti-6Al-4V and the HA is deposited. The XRD results reveal that the as-deposit was mostly composed of dicalcium phosphate dehydrate (Ca 2H4P2O9; DCPD) and the minor phase of hydroxyapatite (Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2; HA). After NaOH treatment, all DCPD were converted to HA. Moreover, the content of HA phase increases with ECD potential. After being calcined at 673 K and 873 K (400 °C and 600 °C) for 4 hours, the phase of HA maintained the major phase for an alkali-treated deposited sample. After being calcined at 1073 K (800 °C) for 4 hours, some HA decomposed and caused the minor phases of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-Ca3(PO4)2; β-TCP), calcium pyrophosphate (Ca2P2O7; CPP), and calcium oxide (CaO) formation. The β-TCP becomes the major phase with residual HA and CaO after being calcined at 1273 K (1000 °C) for 4 hours. The crack forms due to the release of absorbed water from the interior to top surface of sample. For the as-alkali treatment samples, the microstructures were affected by ECD potentials; when the deposited samples after alkali treatment and calcined at 1073 K (800 °C) for 4 hours, the microstructure presents the need-like "preforming HA" (pre-HA) from the matrix of plate-like postforming HA (post-HA).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2260-2269
Number of pages10
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys

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