Phase transformation of calcium phosphates by electrodeposition and heat treatment

Wei Jen Shih, Moo Chin Wang, Kuo Ming Chang, Cheng Li Wang, Szu Hao Wang, Wang Long Li, Hong Hsin Huang

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12 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of heat treatment on the calcium phosphate deposited on Ti-6Al-4V substrate using an electrolytic process is investigated. The calcium phosphate was deposited in a 0.04 M Ca(H2PO4) 2•H2O (MCPM) solution on a Ti-6Al-4V substrate at 333 K (60 °C), 10 V, and 80 Torr for 1 hour, and calcined at various temperatures for 4 hours. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) results demonstrate that the phases are dicalcium phosphate (CaHPO4, DCPD) and hydroxyapatile [Ca(PO4)6 (OH)2, HAP] for the as-deposited samples. When the deposited sample was calcined at 873 K (600 °C) for 4 hours, the XRD results show that the transformation of DCPD to HAP occurs. Moreover, HAP converts to β-TCP, CPP, and CaO. For the sample calcined at 1073 K (800 °C) for 4 hours, the scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph reveals that the crack of the calcined sample propagates with a width of about 3 μm. This result is due to HAP becoming decomposed and converting to β-TCP, CPP, CaO, and H2O. The vaporization of H2O within the calcined sample promotes the crack propagation and growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3509-3516
Number of pages8
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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