Phosphate uptake in the freshwater charophyte plant Chara corallina was found to be strongly dependent on the presence of Na in the external medium. Based on the reciprocal stimulations of 32Pi uptake by Na and 22Na uptake by Pi, the logical mechanism for Pi uptake appears to be a nNa/Pi symport with a half-maximal stimulation (K(m)) for Na of approximately 300 μM and a K(m) for Pi of approximately 10 μM. Comparison of the stimulations of 32Pi and 22Na influxes at pH 6 gives a stoichiometry of Na:Pi of 5-68. The reduction in Pi influx with increasing pH is consistent with the transported species being the monovalent H2PO4-. In voltage-clamp experiments, currents elicited by Pi in the presence of Na were equivalent to an influx of positive charge which exceeded the measured influxes of 32P by a factor of 6.26. Intracellular perfusion was used to examine the dependence of Pi influx on ATP and Na. In perfused cells, Pi influx was low when ATP was absent from the internal medium or Na was absent from the external medium. Addition of ATP alone had little effect whereas addition of Na alone increased the 32Pi influx slightly. Addition of both ATP and Na together restored Pi influx to rates comparable to those of intact cells. It is suggested that the ATP is required for membrane hyperpolarization which in turn drives the highly electrogenic flux of Pi with up to 6 Na. However, consideration of the electrochemical potential differences for Na and Pi at pH less than 6 shows that nNa/Pi would not be feasible. It is suggested that at low pH, H+ may substitute for Na.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Plant Science