Mg+-H2O ion-molecule complexes are produced in a pulsed supersonic nozzle cluster source. These complexes are mass selected and studied with laser photodissociation spectroscopy in a reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometer system. An electronic transition assigned as 2B2←X 2 A1 is observed with an origin at 28 396 cm-1. The spectrum has a prominent progression in the metal-H2O stretching mode with a frequency (ω e′) of 518.0 cm-1. An extrapolation of this progression fixes the excited state dissociation energy (D'0) at 15 787 cm-1. The corresponding ground state value (D0″) is 8514 cm-1 (24.3 kcal/mol). The solvated bending mode, and symmetric and asymmetric stretching modes of water are also active in the complex, as are the magnesium bending modes. A second electronic transition assigned as 2Bi ← X 2A1 is observed with an origin at 30 267 cm-1 and a metal stretch frequency for Mg+-H2O of 488.5 cm-1 (ΔG 1/2). Spectra of both excited states are also observed for Mg +-D2O. Partially resolved rotational structure is analyzed for both isotopes, leading to the conclusion that the complex has a structure with C2v symmetry. This study was guided by ab initio calculations by Bauschlicher and co-workers, which provide accurate predictions of the electronic transition energies, vibrational constants, and dissociation energies.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry