Photoelectrochemical hydrogen generation from water using undoped GaN with selective-area Si-implanted stripes as a photoelectrode

Jinn Kong Sheu, Po Hsun Liao, Hsin Yan Cheng, Ming Lun Lee

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6 Citations (Scopus)


This study examines photoelectrochemical (PEC) cells with undoped GaN (u-GaN) photoelectrodes that feature selective-area Si implantation stripes for hydrogen (H2) generation using NaCl solution as the electrolyte. Selective-area Si implantation was performed on the u-GaN layer to create n+-GaN stripes with higher carrier concentration than the u-GaN area. Si-implanted n+-GaN stripes behave like metal lines, but they allow light to penetrate the Si-implanted regions, to facilitate the collection of photogenerated carriers. For a moderate area ratio of Si implantation, the typical hydrogen generation rate of u-GaN working electrodes with and without Si-implanted GaN stripes was approximately 98 μmol h-1 cm-2 and 68 μmol h-1 cm-2, respectively, when the applied potential was 1 V. These values correspond to an enhanced H2 generation rate of around 44%. The marked enhancement in the hydrogen generation rate is attributed to the fact that photogenerated electrons can be effectively collected by Si-implanted n+-GaN stripes. Microscopy showed an insignificant change in Si-implanted surfaces before and after the PEC reaction. By contrast, the u-GaN area without Si implantation exhibited significant corrosion after the PEC reaction. The findings of this study indicate that the u-GaN epitaxial layer with Si-implanted stripes can be potentially used as a robust photoelectrode to efficiently generate hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22625-22630
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number43
Publication statusPublished - 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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